FLYING WITHOUT WINGS
Around 85 species of parrot inhabited Indonesia. Huge number of parrot was trapped for trade purpose and accordingly has becoming serious threat to the birdsí conservation as the habitat is also destroying.
On January 2001 to March 2002 ProFauna Indonesia supported by RSPCA conducting an investigation about parrot trade in Indonesia contains monitoring at 5 bird markets in Java, investigation of trapping area in North Maluku and Papua, tracing the trade route and exportation route. The investigation was focused on some species such as Cacatua spp, Tanygnathus spp, Eos spp, Lorius lory, Eclectus roratus and Alisterus chloropterus.
The monitoring result during the three months at 5 bird markets in Java reveals 47% traded parrot are protected under the law. They are Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea), Tanimbar Cockatoo (Cacatua goffini), Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus), Black-capped Lory (Lorius lory), and Shulphur-crested Lory (Cacatua galerita). The most traded birds are Black-capped Lory.Most of the traded birds sold at five birds market were from Maluku and Papua. All the birds are taken from the wild. It is estimated that 15.000 species of parrot from North Maluku trapped every year for live birds trade. In North Maluku and Sorong Papua, there are some parrots suppliers/brokers that intensively send parrot to the exporters in Jakarta and Bali. The mortality level on those shipped parrot was 10%.
Trade on parrot has encouraged the huge trapping in the wild. The trapping quota issued by PHKA has been many times broken. The violation on the permit has involved people in this business, exporters, and Local Forestry Department. Some birds in 2001 was established to have zero quota namely White Cockatoo (Cacatua alba), but trapping activity on parrot run by the people in bird supplying business in North Maluku remain occurred and sent accordingly to exporters namely Firma Hasco, CV Widas and CV Rahmad. Though the trapping quota was zero, the Local Forestry Department in North Maluku and in Papua remained issued the transportation and trapping permit. Such activity is a violation on self-regulation set by the PHKA.
Numbers of birdsí exporters in Jakarta and Bali in 2001 were very active in exporting parrot to range of countries such as Pakistan, Qatar, Italy, Taiwan, Spain and etc. Most exported birds are reported as captive breeding yield. However, the exporters are known to receive birds of wild-trapping yield. Such condition is also to hinder government, particularly Forestry Department to set control.
Besides exported officially, Indonesian parrot is either smuggled to Singapore after passing through Medan in North Sumatera. The smuggling activity contains the protected species listed in appendix I of CITES.
Evaluating such condition on the poor Indonesian parrot trade, the government particularly theDirectorate General of PHKA is supposed to take strict step to admonish the parties involving people in birds business, exporters, and Local Forestry Department in such activities against the issued quota. PHKA should intensively run confiscation operation on protected parrot at birds markets.**
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